Democracy, Leadership and Good Governance in Nigeria: Challenges and Prospects

by

1Lawrence I. Edet

lawrence4justice@yahoo.com; +2348027039444

2Dr. Manasseh E. Bassey

manbass@gmail.com; +2348023267770

Department of Political Science & Public Administration

Faculty of Social Sciences

University of Uyo, Uyo      

&    

3James E. Effiong

jameseoe@yahoo.com +2348065185000

Department of Psychology

Faculty of Social Sciences

University of Uyo, Uyo

 

Abstract

Democracy, leadership and good governance are undoubtedly, the three most fundamental conditions for political, social, religious and economic development in any society. This is because it creates an environment in which citizens unfold their potentials. Nigeria as a fairly democratic country, still grappled with the challenges of leadership and good governance since independence fifty-nine years ago. The major problems that have consistently posed challenges to democracy, leadership and good governance in Nigeria are ethnic, religions, tribal sectionalism, corruption, manipulated elections/imposition of candidates for public office as well as utter disdain to the democratic values and court orders by those occupying public office. Therefore, the main objective of this study was to investigate the contradiction of democracy, leadership and good governance in Nigeria and how it the political system. The study adopted Elite Theory, which encapsulates policies as the product or handwork of the elites. Being a qualitative research, the study made use of secondary data that was analyzed systematically using content analysis. Findings revealed that committed leadership and good governance depend on the caliber of public officials in position of responsibility. It was recommended among others; the need to strengthen the existing anti-corruption laws/agencies with enabling laws, evolving new political culture that will foster accountability and transparency as well as strengthen electoral laws that will encourage the emergence of selfless and dedicated leadership in Nigeria.

KeywordsCorruption; democracy; electoral fraud; good governance; leadership.

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